2001年の10月、Harry Hammondというキリスト福音主義の聖職者が「ストップ不道徳、ストップ同性愛、ストップ女性の同性愛」と書かれたプラカードを掲げました。Hammondがそれをやめるのを拒否すると、警察官は彼を逮捕しました。Timothy Garton Ashが為になるケースを論じます。


2001年の10月、Harry Hammondというキリスト福音主義の聖職者が「ストップ不道徳、ストップ同性愛、ストップ女性の同性愛」と書かれたプラカードをイギリスの Bournemouthのとある広場で掲げました。Hammondがそれをやめるのを拒否すると、警察官は彼を逮捕しました。近くには「キリストは主だ」 という言葉はいたるところに記されていました。彼に対して怒った群衆は、彼を囲み、叫び、しまいには泥を投げつけるに至りました。ある時点で、誰かが彼の プラカードをとりあげ、それによって彼はうしろに倒れてしまいました。

Hammondがそれを止めるのを拒否した時、警察官は彼を逮捕しました。彼はその後、「ハラスメント、懸念、苦痛を与える可能性のある人の聞こえる、もしくは見える範囲内に於ける、どんな威嚇的、侮辱的、もしくは虐待的な、文章、サイン、その他目に見える表現」を禁止する1986 年のBritain’s Public Order Act セクション5によって有罪になりました。有罪判決に対する控訴は、プラカードのメッセージは度を越したやり方で表現されているわけではないという控訴審の コメントがあるとしたうえで、Hammondの言葉が「侮辱的」である理由で取り消されました


この有罪判決はまったく間違っています。Hammondは彼の信念を表現したまでです。彼の表現は、我々に対してとても不快なものでしたが、自由で多様な 社会では、誰も不快にされないと言う権利を持ち合わせてはいません。彼は暴力を煽動していたのではありません。彼を逮捕した警察官は、警告したうえで、聖 職者ではなく、聖職者からプラカードを取り上げるようとした人を逮捕するべきでした。間違った人に注意を向けたことで、警察官はアメリカで言うところの、 「野次馬の拒否権」を助長してしまったのです。脅しをもって大声で叫び、合法的に論議を閉じることができるのです。このケースは、法律がどう使われてはい けないかということの、いい例でしょう。

- Timothy Garton Ash


コメント (11)


  1. it is absurd that gay people demand equality because they are one of the most protected groups. there are so many people whose rights are even more treathened, who suffer various dictatorship and torture, hunger… and we are doomed to listen to those stupid sick ones who celebrate their sickness and emphasise it. had the story been reversed, straight huligans would be in jail, and a hero would be twisted and discriminated gay

  2. Apsurdno i beskrupulozno je da se gejevi zale i zahtevaju neku ravnopravnost,dok su oni evidentno najzasticeniji. Toliko je ljudi koji su svakodnevno diskriminisani,cija su ljudska prava zaista ugrozena,koji trpe razne diktature,glad i nasilje. A mi konstantno slusamo o izopacenim ljudima koji svoju bolest slave i stavljaju na pijedastal.
    Da je prica bila obrnuta,uhapseni bi bili strejt huligani,a heroj nezasticeni i diskriminisani gej.

  3. あなたのコメントは承認待ちです。

    I agree with the author’s opinion. It is true that everyone can have opinion and make a choice,and I think that Harry had every right to do that. Homosexuality is one of the biggest problems today,and we should be against it. Would you like to live in a world where it will be COMPLETELY approved? I would not. And that is a reason,’cuz Harry should not to be arrested. Even more,violence is not emphasized.

  4. As much as I disagree with his sentiment, he was expressing his opinion in a non-violent manner. He should not have been convicted for exercising his right to free speech.

  5. In my humble opnion I think they’re doing the right thing , because we should like animals respect for once how the nature is .

  6. I am neither for homosexuality, nor against it. In my opinion, it’s the choice of every person how to behave. There is freedom of speech, that’s why the preacher has his own right to write on a placard, what he wanted, moreover, the phrase which was written was rather neutral and the words were not so insulting, as policeman thought. To my mind, if sexual minorities feel better and more happy being together, then why not? As for me, it would be better for policemen to discuss and solve more vital and serious problems than accuse a person in expressing his point of view.

  7. As a man of science rather than a man of religion, I find any allusions to the ‘Lord’ and his opposition to homosexuality offending and provoking. But, in this case, I believe that the preacher had the right to express his beliefs and to call for opposition to homosexuality. Free speech is free speech and this conviction makes me think that recently there has been a growth of double standards in the judicial branch.

  8. What if a priest was holding up a sign “Stop Blacks, Jews and Muslims”? If that were the case, I highly doubt that this would even be contoversial in the least. Of course some might argue (like the priest) that that is different between the two since homosexuality is a choice whereas race is not, however as many homosexuals will argue the choice was not theirs. Therefore I do no see a distinction between the two.
    Moreover, the priest was calling to “stop” homosexuality. And although he did not specifically incite violence he did so indirectly. What does is mean to “stop” homosexuality? I have yet to read of a case when a man or a woman were civilly taught how to not be homosexual. Therefore what the priest was actually calling for was for the persecution of gays or outlawing homosexuality in Britain, both of which would infringe the Human Rights of those with the “wrong” sexual orientation.
    His conviction in my opinon should not be criticized, but rather celebrated as a victory FOR the human rights and the freedom of speech as it was merely another step towards achieving the world where one will not be judged for being different.

    • If the man cannot tell the difference between an act or a choice, viz. homosexuality, and a state of nature or religion, he has no business entering into the debate.
      Jack Dixon

  9. I believe that anyone is free to express themselves, but freedom of speech also means confronting those who think differently from us and, more importantly, predict the impact that words have on the hearer, free to participate. Secondly, the message that I send, as the vehicle? Phrases such as “Stop this” or “That banish” when impacting with a way of being, automatically lead to a strong reaction and dangerous. That is, in my opinion strikes against the rejection or acceptance of the onlookers find? This GAP is the key to the problem. That is, a communication management will be aware from the outset the success of the posts … and then, the fundamental error that has engulfed the poor priest is as follows: If I propose a censure, I will come to 99% censored.

  10. This is undoubtedly correct. The preacher was pacifically exercising his right of free speech. The court was wrong in yielding to the mob. The case is at odds with Beatty v Gillbanks, and Redmond-Bate v DPP.

    More importantly, this case opens the way to the tyranny of the mob.



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